Causal effect identification

Testable implications

Model code

Summary

exposure(s)not set
outcome(s)not set
covariates0
causal paths0

Variable

View mode

Effect analysis

Diagram style

Coloring

Legend

exposure

outcome

ancestor of exposure

ancestor of outcome

ancestor of exposure and outcome

adjusted variable

unobserved (latent)

other variable

causal path

biasing path

A 1 @-2.200,-1.520
B 1 @1.400,-1.460
D O @1.400,1.621
E E @-2.200,1.597
Z 1 @-0.300,-0.082

A E Z @-0.791,-1.045
B D Z @0.680,-0.496
E D